For nearly everyone playing in and watching the 2019 British Open, Royal Portrush, the Northern Ireland layout that last held the tournament in 1951, is a mystery. But while everyone is getting familiarized with this venue ahead of the year’s final men’s major, we thought it was a good time to take a crash course on all the current Open courses. The (re)addition of Portrush makes it an even 10 tracks in the rota now. That’s a full album so it’s understandable if you get your Royals and your Links mixed up. Anyway, hopefully, this handy guide helps.
Old Course at St. Andrews
Where: St Andrews, Scotland
Times hosting: 29 (last in 2015)
You know it as: “The Home of Golf.” There’s not much more to say than that. We’re guessing you don’t get this one mixed up.
Unique features: The “Road Hole” (left), on which a road and a hotel come into play; Swilcan Bridge (think Jack Nicklaus waving goodbye); Hell Bunker, large double greens, Valley of Sin, etc.
Noteworthy moments: This course has so much history that five players (Bob Martin, J.H. Taylor, James Braid, Jack Nicklaus and Tiger Woods) have won two Open titles there. None were more impressive than Woods’ eight-shot romp in 2000, though, when his 19-under-par total set a major championship record. Five years later, Woods would win again here during a week that also saw Jack Nicklaus play in his final major.
Royal Troon Golf Club
Where: Troon, South Ayrshire, Scotland
Times hosting: 9 (last in 2016)
You know it as: “That place with the ‘Postage Stamp’ green.”
Unique features: Has both the shortest (Pictured above, the par-3 eighth “Postage Stamp”) and longest (Par-5 sixth “Turnberry”) holes in the Open rota; Colin Montgomerie played here often during the summers growing up. His dad was the club’s secretary and his house was just a half mile down the road. That local knowledge, however, never translated into a win.
Noteworthy moments: In 1973, Tom Weiskopf won his lone major championship by holding off Johnny Miller and Jack Nicklaus. Todd Hamilton and his hybrid that he used to get up-and-down 13 of 14 times shocked Ernie Els in a 2004 playoff victory. And in 2016, this generation’s “Duel in the Sun” (except it was more like the “Duel in the Gloom”) took place between Henrik Stenson and Phil Mickelson. The Swede wound up breaking Woods’ Open scoring record and winning by three over Mickelson, who finished 11(!) shots ahead of third place.
Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Where: Merseyside, England
Times hosting: 12 (last in 2014)
You know it as: “That place where Tiger Woods cried.”
Unique features: A short drive from Liverpool’s Penny Lane of Beatles fame; Site of first contest between Great Britain and the U.S. in 1921, an event that became known as the Walker Cup the following year.
Noteworthy moments: In 2006, Tiger Woods (left) won the British Open just two months after his father passed away. He accomplished the feat by only using his driver once all week. The previous time Hoylake hosted the Open — 39 years before — Roberto De Vicenzo managed to sign a correct scorecard to claim his lone major title.
Royal Birkdale Golf Club
Where: Southport, England
Times hosting: 10 (last in 2017)
You know it as: “That place with the wacky clubhouse.”
Unique features: The art deco clubhouse (above) that was constructed in 1935; The tallest dunes in the Open rota, which isolate many of the holes from each other.
Noteworthy moments: In the 1969 Ryder Cup, Jack Nicklaus conceded a tricky, short putt to Tony Jacklin so that the biennial competition would end in a tie. In 2008, Padraig Harrington became the first European since James Braid in 1906 to retain the claret jug. And in 2017, Jordan Spieth made the craziest—and longest-taking—bogey ever then a few holes later pointed to caddie Michael Greller and yelled, “Go get that!” after making a 50-foot eagle on his way to victory. Wacky stuff happens here. But again, nothing is as wacky as the clubhouse.
Where: Gullane, East Lothian, Scotland
Times hosting: 16 (last in 2013)
You know it as: “That course where Tiger shot an 81 in monsoon conditions to end his hope of capturing the calendar Grand Slam in 2002.”
Unique features: Home to the oldest organized golf club in the world, The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, whose records date back to 1744. In 2017, the club voted to allow women members, which put the old chaps back in the good graces of the R&A and ensured will the course will host future Opens. Murifield also features a circular routing in which the front nine wraps around the back nine.
Noteworthy moments: Jack Nicklaus won his first of three Opens here in 1966 (left) and named his own course in Dublin, Ohio, Muirfield Village, after it. Muirfield was also the site of the 1892 Open, golf’s first four-round tournament. In 2013, Phil Mickelson shot one of the great final rounds ever (66 in tough conditions) to capture his first claret jug.
Royal Lythan & St. Annes Golf Club
Where: Lancashire, England
Times hosting: 11 (last in 2012)
You know it as: “That course with a lot of bunkers” (205 to be exact).
Unique features: Only Open course to start with a par 3; 206 bunkers; Closes with six-straight par 4s.
Noteworthy moments: In 1979, Seve Ballesteros (above) deliberately drove his ball into a parking lot on the 16th hole and made birdie on his way to a three-shot victory over Jack Nicklaus. Ballesteros would also win the 1988 Open here. Bobby Jones won his first of three Opens here in 1926 and David Duval won his only major here in 2001.
(*As of the 2019 Open, Turnberry has been removed from the Open rota for now due to comments owner Donald Trump made about Muslims among other things. . .)
Where: South Ayrshire, Scotland
Times hosting: 4, (last in 2009)
You know it as: “That scenic place Tom Watson really likes,” and now, “that British Open course Donald Trump owns.”
Unique features: Beautiful view of Ailsa Craig rock island, Turnberry Point Lighthouse.
Noteworthy moments: In 1977, Watson fired a pair of 65s over the weekend to beat Jack Nicklaus (above) by one shot in what is known as the “Duel In The Sun.” Incredibly, Watson nearly won here again 32 years later at age 59, losing to Stewart Cink in a playoff dubbed the “Duel that disappointed everyone other than Cink’s immediate family.”
Royal St. George’s Golf Club
Where: Sandwich, Kent, England
Times hosting: 14 (last in 2011)
You know it as: “That place with the power plants towering in the horizon.” Lovely!
Unique feature: The fourth hole has the deepest bunker (above) in championship golf.
Noteworthy moments: RSG became the first course located outside of Scotland to host an Open in 1894. More than a century later, it was the site of one of the game’s most surprising wins when Ben Curtis—ranked 396th in the world—claimed the claret jug.
Carnoustie Golf Links
Where: Carnoustie, Scotland
Times hosting: 8 (last in 2018)
You know it as: “That place where Jean Van de Velde happened.”
Unique feature: Barry Burn, which meanders through the course.
Noteworthy moments: Dubbed “Car-nasty” in 1999 after three players qualified for a playoff at six-over par. Of course, there wouldn’t have been any need for extra holes if Van de Velde hadn’t made a triple bogey on the 72nd hole. Eight years later, more drama happened on No. 18 when Padraig Harrington found Barry Burn twice and made a double bogey, but still got into a playoff he would win thanks to Sergio Garcia bogeying the same hole. There was no such carnage in 2018 when Francesco Molinari birdied the final hole to put away his first major.
Where: Portrush, Northern Ireland
Times hosting: 2 (including this year)
You know it as: “That place Rory McIlroy set the course record.”
Unique feature: CALAMITY, which is the fantastic nickname of the long, uphill par-3 16th that plays over a ravine. There’s also plenty of danger on the uphill par-4 first hole, which has out-of-bounds stakes—down both sides. Grab your popcorn, folks!
Noteworthy moments: Max Faulkner won the only previous Open here in 1951. And. . . that’s it as far as Open moments. But yeah, Northern Ireland’s own Rory McIlroy set the course record here. When he was 16. Decent little player, that guy. Not surprisingly, he’s the favorite to win this year.